Explore China

China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. With a population exceeding 1.4 billion, it is the world's second-most-populous country. China spans the equivalent of five time zones and borders fourteen countries by land. With an area of nearly 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third-largest country by total land area. The country is divided into 34 province-level divisions, inclusive of 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two semi-autonomous special administrative regions. Beijing is the national capital, while Shanghai is the most populous city and largest financial center.



Beijing, alternatively romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China. With about 23 million residents, Beijing is the world's most populous national capital city as well as China's second largest city after Shanghai. It is located in Northern China, and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is mostly surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin to the southeast; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the national capital region of China.

Beijing is a global city and one of the world's leading centres for culture, diplomacy, politics, finance, business and economics, education, research, language, tourism, media, sport, science and technology and transportation.  It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies and houses the largest number of Fortune Global 500 companies in the world, as well as the world's four biggest financial institutions by total assets.  It is also a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. 

Travel to Beijing

1. Air: Beijing Capital International Airport (www.bcia.com.cn); Beijing Daxing International Airport (https://www.bdia.com.cn)

2. Train: Beijing West Railway Station; Beijing South Railway Station; Beijing Railway Station (https://www.12306.cn/en/index.html)

Get around Beijing

1. Beijing Subway and ticketing information (https://www.bjsubway.com)

2. Beijing Public Transport and ticketing information (http://www.bjbus.com)

3. Beijing Taxi Service (https://cz.jtw.beijing.gov.cn)


Tourism attractions in Beijing

1. The Great Wall (http://www.badaling.cn)

2. The Forbidden City (https://www.dpm.org.cn/Home.html)

4. Tiananmen Square (https://yuyue.tamgw.beijing.gov.cn)

5. The Summer Palace (https://www.summerpalace-china.com)

6. Beihai Park (https://www.beihaipark.com.cn)

7. Jingshan Park (http://www.bjjspark.com/index.jhtml)

8. Temple of Heaven (http://www.tiantanpark.com/)

9. The Thirteen Tombs and the Divine Road (https://www.mingshisanling.com/)

10. Hutong


Catering in Beijing

1. Beijing Roast Duck: Beijing Roast Duck is one of the famous traditional dishes in China. It is beloved by food enthusiasts worldwide for its crispy golden skin and tender, juicy meat. The duck is usually served with thin pancakes, sliced scallions, and cucumber strips, offering a delightful aroma and a rich mouthfeel.

2. Tanghulu: Tanghulu, sugarcoated haws on a stick, is a traditional winter snack in Beijing. It consists of skewered fruits dipped in a sweet syrup. Every year, as the weather cools down, Tanghulu sales start heating up on almost every street corner in Beijing.

3. Peacake: Peacake is a kind of snack for summer refreshing. It's of pale-yellow color and cool taste. Once you have a bite, it immediately melts softly. The reason why it's called peacake ("Wandouhuang" in Chinese) is that its main ingredient is pea ('Wandou") and its color is yellow ("Huang").

4. Traditional Beijing Noodles: Traditional Beijing Noodles is of good taste and easy to make. Prepare well all the vegetables including cucumbers, toons, bean sprouts, green beans, soybeans as the auxiliary ingredients. Put the diced meat, ginger and other food into the pan, add yellow soybean paste or sweet soybean paste to cook and then have the paste done. You can pour the vegetables and paste into the noodles directly from the boiling water or first have the noodles dipped into the cool water and then pour the vegetables and paste into the bowl according to personal preferences.

Other Domestic Tourist Cities and Important Attractions


Located at the mouth of the Yangtze River, Shanghai is the largest city in China and one of the most populous cities in the world. Shanghai is a global financial center and a major transportation hub, with the world's busiest container port. Shanghai is also a cultural and educational center, with numerous universities, museums, and cultural institutions. Shanghai is an open and inclusive city, where traditional and modern things, as well as eastern and western cultures, fuse and coexist. Shanghai is not only a world-renowned metropolis, but also a major tourist destination in China. From the traditional Yu Garden to the high-rise Shanghai World Financial Centre, from the Architecture Expo on the Bund to the unique Stone-ringed Door, Shanghai attracts tourists from all over the world.

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When Marco Polo came to Hangzhou in the 13th century, he declared it "the most beautiful and elegant city in the world". There is a popular Chinese saying: "Above there is heaven, below there are Hangzhou and Suzhou." The West Lake in Hangzhou attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists each year to enjoy the placid lake, beautiful gardens, lavish temples and lakeside teahouses. There are many well-known historical and cultural sites around West Lake, such as Lingyin Temple and Six Harmonies Pagoda. The most famous product of Hangzhou is tea. At the tea plantation near the West Lake, visitors can learn about the tea processing and observe traditional tea ceremony.

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As one of the most famous ancient capitals of China, Xi'an served as the capital during the golden eras of the Han Dynasty and Tang Dynasty. Xi'an is blessed with a great number of precious relics and historical sites, including the Terracotta Army, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda and Small Wild Goose Pagoda, the Great Mosque, the Ancient City Wall and the Banpo Site. Xi'an was also the starting point of the Silk Road, an ancient trade route that extended from Asia to Europe and played an important role in economic and cultural exchange between the East and the West in ancient times.

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With its marvelous limestone scenery, Guilin is one of the most fascinating places in the world. The city is located among the vegetation covered peaks on both sides of the Li River, as beautiful as a landscape painting. Former US President Nixon once said during his visit to Guilin: "I have visited over 80 countries and over 100 cities, and none of them can surpass the beauty of Guilin." As a paradise for backpackers, Guilin is located in the center of two tourist destinations, Yangshuo and Longsheng. Yangshuo is known for its karst landforms, while Longsheng is known for its terraced scenery and Zhuang and Yao cultures.

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